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High-performance LAMP-based method for human sex identification using Y chromosome-specific genetic markers

Published:October 19, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsigss.2022.10.043

      Abstract

      Finding fast and cheap strategies for DNA typing and human sample identification is of interest in forensic science. We report a new versatile alternative for molecular sex determination using Y-specific targets (TSPY, TTTY, alphoid regions, and Y-Amelogenin). This system uses an isothermal loop-mediated DNA amplification (LAMP) with a set of 6 primers for each target, designed to improve sensibility and specificity, and reducing detection time to only 45 min. Furthermore, detecting the different targets on the Y chromosome either individually or in combination revealed accurate results. Assay sensitivity was determined with a mixture of human female and male DNA at different concentrations to mimic forensic samples. Single primer sets showed high sensitivity at DNA concentrations ranging from 58.6 to 3.7 pg/µL. When a combined primers set was used, sensitivity yielded a detection as low as 0.1 pg/µL of male DNA, making it 10 times more sensitive than qPCR-DNA quantification kits. Finally, high specificity was observed when tested against 6 domestic species.

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